What is this about?
Why is this important?
For whom is this important?
What are the best practices?
Being a reviewer comes with the responsibility of fairly reviewing others. One way to promote fair processes is transparent peer review. For example, Nature, BMC and EMBO now publish peer review and editorial comments after a manuscript has been accepted for publishing, when both reviewers and authors agree on this. In the words of Nature: “in adopting transparent peer review, we are taking a step towards supporting increased openness, accountability and trust in the publishing process.”. Transparent peer reviewing is an example initiative to encourage fair reviewing and to appreciate the contribution of reviewers. Moreover, having a bullying and harassment policy in place sends a signal that bullying, including unfair reviewing, is inappropriate, thereby promoting good behaviour of scientists. Lastly, conflicts of interest should always be disclosed when professional or personal interests collide with the review process
- Nature will publish peer review reports as a trial. Nature. (2020). Accessed via: https://www.nature.com/articles/d41586-020-00309-9
- Transparency in peer review. Nat Hum Behav 3, 1237 (2019). https://doi.org/10.1038/s41562-019-0799-8
- Wellcome (2019) Bullying and harassment policy. Accessed via: https://wellcome.ac.uk/funding/guidance/bullying-and-harassment-policy
Iris Lechner, Natalie Evans contributed to this theme. Latest contribution was Oct 28, 2020